Government of New Brunswick

Wetlands are considered to be one of earth’s most biologically diverse ecosystems as they are home to a wide variety of plant and animal species. Furthermore, they help to reduce soil erosion, retain sediments, absorb nutrients, store water to minimize the impacts of floods and droughts, and help to mitigate the effects of climate change.

The information contained here is intended to provide guidance for individuals who may have a wetland on their property or for those who are planning a development or other activity near a wetland in the province. The intent is to help guide individuals through the regulatory process and provide information related to identifying a wetland on an individual property, what is required for a permit application, wetland compensation for alterations which cannot be avoided, and beneficial management practices for agricultural and forestry activities near wetlands.

** As of January 1st, 2020, the Department of Environment and Local Government has updated its regulated wetland layer to a Watercourse and Wetland Alteration (WAWA) Reference Map, available on GeoNB. The WAWA Reference Map is a reference tool only, and a WAWA permit will be required for any alteration in or within 30 metres of a watercourse or wetland (based on the definitions in the Clean Water Act). All wetlands are now regulated based on their presence on the ground, regardless of if they are identified on the WAWA Reference Map or not. Please refer to the guidelines and fact sheets below for more information. 

This information may be reviewed and updated periodically as appropriate by the Department of Environment and Local Government. The fact sheets below present procedures and practices that are recommended by the Department of Environment and Local Government in accordance with regulatory requirements.



Policies and Permits